অসমীয়া   বাংলা   बोड़ो   डोगरी   ગુજરાતી   ಕನ್ನಡ   كأشُر   कोंकणी   संथाली   মনিপুরি   नेपाली   ଓରିୟା   ਪੰਜਾਬੀ   संस्कृत   தமிழ்  తెలుగు   ردو

Passion Fruit - Crop Stage Wise IPM

Passion Fruit - Crop Stage Wise IPM

Management Activity

Nursery management

  • Seed should be sown in well prepared seed bed or in polybag with a mixture of soil, compost and sand (2:1:1).
Root rot and crown rot

Cultural control:

  • The elimination of diseased tissues during the initial stages of the disease.
  • Proper drainage system to remove excess water
Soil borne diseases, insect pests

Common cultural practices:

  • Summer deep ploughing to expose soil inhabiting/resting stage of various insects/pathogens.
  • Trimming of all orchard bunds to destroy existing rodent burrow.
  • Use tolerant/resistant varieties
  • Apply manures and fertilizers as per soil test recommendations.
  • Grow tall barrier crops like maize, sorghum etc. for management of aphids.

Common mechanical practices:

  • Uproot and burn infected plants parts early to avoid spread of the disease.
  • Collection and destruction of larvae.
Nutrients
  • Nutrients should be applied based on soil test report and recommendation of the particular agroclimatic zone.
  • Soil should be rich in organic matter. If required, add farm yard manure or vermicompost.
Weeds
  • Deep ploughing during summer
  • Ploughing the orchard before planting to destroy existing weeds in the orchard.

Planting

Nutrient management
  • Apply mycorrhizae @ 5 to 10 g in each pit. Apply nutrients as mentioned above.
Weed management
  • Use weed free planting material.
  • Remove all existing weeds from pits or furrows at the time of planting.
  • Seasonal vegetables (e.g. Turmeric, Ginger, Chilli, Soybean, Beans, pea, Green leafy vegetables, mustard etc) may be grown as intercrop right from the first year.

Vegetative

Common cultural practices:

  • Destroy crop debris.
  • Provide irrigation at critical stages of the crop
  • Enhance parasitic activity by avoiding chemical spray, when 1-2 larval parasitoids are observed

Common mechanical practices:

  • Collection and destruction of rotten fruits, twigs and leaves.
  • The trellis should always run across the slop or in north south direction for proper exposure to sunlight.
  • Pruning should be restricted to lower part of the vines hanging on the ground during winter when vines are dormant.
  • Use yellow sticky traps for whitefly and aphids and blue sticky trap for thrips @ 4-5 trap/acre.

Common biological practices:

  • Conserve natural enemies through ecological engineering.
  • Augmentative release of natural enemies.
Nutrients
  • Apply as mentioned above
Weeds
  • Weed control should be done manually or mechanically. Care should be taken to avoid the damage to shallow roots of the vines
  • Mulching of plants around the root zone to conserve the moisture and fertility of soil.
Mites
  • Follow common cultural, mechanical and biological practices

Cultural control:

  • Periodic inspections of the orchard and other adjacent hosts, including weeds, are essential to verify the occurrence and first symptoms of mite attacks.
  • See common cultural practices.

Biological control:

  • Spray neem or pongamia soap at 1% on lower surface thoroughly
Aphids
  • Follow common cultural, mechanical and biological practices

Cultural control:

  • High levels of nitrogen fertilizer favor aphid reproduction, so never use more nitrogen than necessary.

Biological control:

  • Release 1st instar larvae of green lacewing (Chrysoperla zastrowii sillemi) @ 4,000 Nos/acre.
  • Spraying with tobacco decoction (1 kg tobacco boiled in 10 lit of water for 30 minutes and making up to 30 lit + 100 g soap).
Mealybugs
  • Follow common cultural, mechanical and biological practices

Cultural control:

  • Prune affected shoots during winter.
  • Destroy ant colonies.
  • Grow attractant plants to attract the defenders Bachelor's Buttons or cornflower (Centaure acyanus), coriander attract wasps.

Mechanical control:

  • Collect and destroy the damaged leaves, twigs and stems
  • Use sticky barrier (5cm length) on trunk.
  • Biological control:
  • Orchard release of Australian lady bird beetle (Cryptolaemus montrouzieri) @10 beetles per plant.
Scales
  • Follow common cultural, mechanical and biological practices
Biological control:
  • When infestation in serious, two sprays of white oil, one in early December and one 4 to 6 weeks later are usually required.
  • Spray horticultural oil, if needed, year round.
  • Apply mixture of manure compost tea, molasses and citrus oil.
  • Conserve the Aphytis spp.
Fusarium wilt
  • Follow common cultural, mechanical and biological practices
  • For resistant/tolerant varieties consult nearest KVKs/SAUs/ICAR Institute

Cultural control:

  • Planting areas previously affected may be avoided.
  • Use of healthy seedlings and careful control of weeds to avoid root injury can check the spread of disease.
  • Usage of resistant root stocks or resistant hybrids from crosses between purple and yellow passion fruits.
Root and Crown rot
  • Follow common cultural, mechanical and biological practices
  • For resistant/tolerant varieties consult nearest KVKs/SAUs/ICAR Institute
Anthracnose
  • Follow common cultural, mechanical and biological practices
  • For resistant/tolerant varieties consult nearest KVKs/SAUs/ICAR Institute

Mechanical control:

  • Pruning to eliminate affected areas and improve ventilation and light conditions helps to control the disease.
  • Fruit should not be harvested during wet conditions.
Scab

Cultural control:

  • High densities of seedlings have to be avoided in plant nurseries, as well as excessive irrigation.
  • Follow the common cultural practices.
Septoria blotch/spot
  • Follow common cultural, mechanical and biological practices
  • For resistant/tolerant varieties consult nearest KVKs/SAUs/ICAR Institute
Brown spot
  • Follow common cultural, mechanical and biological practices
  • For resistant/tolerant varieties consult nearest KVKs/SAUs/ICAR Institute
Woodiness virus
  • Follow common cultural, mechanical and biological practices
  • For resistant/tolerant varieties consult nearest KVKs/SAUs/ICAR Institute

Reproductive

Nutrients
  • Zinc and Boron are the micro-nutrients taken up in largest amounts by the plant. With Zn deficiency, apply 20 g of zinc sulphate (ZnSO4) per plant, and of B, apply 6.5 g of boric acid (H3BO3) per plant
Weed
  • Remove weeds manually or mechanically around the plants.
  • Apply the bio-mulch around the root zone of the plants.
Fruit fly
  • Follow common cultural, mechanical and biological practices (See page no 24 & 25 )

Mechanical control:

  • Elimination of over-ripe fruits in which the flies breed and on which the adults feed.
  • Removal of wild host plant.
  • Installation of 10 traps/ha to monitor fruit fly. Hanging of bottle traps containing 100 ml of water emulsion of methyl eugenol (0.1%) + malathion (0.1%) during fruiting season.
Mealy bugs,Scales, Aphids and mites
  • Follow practices mentioned in vegetative stage
For diseases
  • Same as in vegetative stage.

Source:NIPHM Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage



© 2006–2019 C–DAC.All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners.We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. Please leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws.
English to Hindi Transliterate